A linguistic survey is the first step to a Bible translation project. Most languages have more than one variety or dialect. If, for example,
a language has five dialects, finding the one that is accepted by the other four as "the best" or standard form will greatly help everyone in
the language group accept and understand the Bible when it is completed. Choosing the wrong dialect for a translation can be disastrous.
Many other questions are investigated as well in such a survey. Warning: These are reports technical reports designed mainly for peer review
among other linguists. They are not designed for your casual enjoyment. Nevertheless we are putting them out here in case you would like to
see what work is involved.
Click here to watch a video of a survey worker tell about the Kunda people
The year we've done three survey's in Zambia. A description of each people group follows:
The Senga People
The Senga people may be one of the most urgent projects in Zambia. There are nearly 80,000 speakes of this langauge. They live
in one of the remote corners of eastern Zambia along the borders of the North Luangwa National Park. Human-animal conflicts are common.
It was an adventure to try to reach the five Senga cheifdoms that we were able to visit. We gathered over 70 questionnaires of three different
types. As we collected information people were excited about the possibility of the Bible being in their langauge. Some comments we heard from
the people were, "Let Senga Bible be translated so that we can understand it well!", Quot;I will be better off to have a Senga Bible
so that the understanding of the word of God will be wellQuot;, and "It will be very good to have the Bible in Senga".
Click here to download a PDF copy of the Senga Survey.
The Batwa People
The Batwa are the descendants of the pygmies of Zambia. They live along the Kafue river basin where it floods, an area called the Kafue Flats.
They are probably the least regarded people group in Zambia and there are probably less than 10,000 of them.
There is much pressure on them as many other groups have moved into the Kafue river basin to exploit the fish there and they are overrunning the
Batwa population. There are no known Batwa pastors. We have started training one man to do translation work. He is a very key man to the whole project.
Our goal is to have him do an adaptation from the Ila and Tonga languages (that are closely related) and produce a Gospel of Luke.
Click here to download a PDF copy of the Batwa Report.
The Kunda People
The Kunda people live in the eastern part of Zambia just south of the South Luangwa Park. They live in a difficult area to survive in where
it is hot and the soil is poor. Recently the Kunda people were in the Zambian news as they were needing food relief.
It is hard to tell how many Kunda people there are but some estimates would be about 50,000 in their home area but with all the Diaspora,
there is some 80,000 that speak the language.
A challenge for this project will be trying to not use the old form of the language that is still spoken in one of the six chiefdoms (Nsefu).
The language is close to the Nsenga language and maybe an adaptation can be done that will help us get a Gospel of Luke done soon.
There is a possible good group of Kundas in Lusaka to support the work. In November 2013 we gave them the report and asked them to review to later
discuss how/if the project may start.
Click here to download a PDF copy of the Kunda Survey.
The Toka-Leya People
This people group covers a large area around and north of the largest water falls in the world, Victoria Falls on the border between Zambia
and Zimbabwe. The language is expected to be close to the Tonga language but our analysis of the Word List is not yet complete. The Toka-Leya
people have said, "We don't understand Tonga. We need our own translation!" It is possible that we could do a Gospel of Luke quickly,
adapted from the Tonga language.
Click here to download a PDF copy of the Toka-Leya Survey.